The story of Villa el Salvador is rather remarkable. With apologies to Steve Rosenthal, here's some blatant plagiarism from the Cross-Cultural Solutions website:
"In April, 1971, nearly 200 families living in inner-city Lima slums decided to "invade" a tract of desert on the outskirts of the city. In 48 hours they were joined by an additional 9,000 people. The government at the time reacted violently to the land grab, sending in troops to evict the invaders. Two young men were killed in the standoff, and many more were injured and detained. In an effort to solve the conflict, the government offered the families a massive plot of desert land in what was known as Tablada de Lurin, 25 kilometers south of Metropolitan Lima. The government also promised to provide basic services such as water, electricity, sewers and access roads. On May 11, 1971, nearly 7,000 families were bussed in a military convoy to the sand dunes of Tablada de Lurin. Villa El Salvador was born."
Now over 350,000 people live on those sand dunes.
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